Domain Name Registry FAQs

 

 

What is the Neustar Registry?

Neustar is a leading provider of Internet Addressing Registry services. Our leading edge technology and comprehensive suite of domain name services can provide your business with a competitive advantage in the Top Level Domain marketplace. We offer full backend registry solutions, gateway services, and primary and secondary DNS services. We currently provide domain name registry services for .biz, .us, kids.us, .cn, .tw, .travel, .tel and 4U.com. In addition, we operate the global XRI registry.

What is NeuLevel? How is it different from Neustar?

Formed in 2001 to operate the .BIZ TLD, NeuLevel was a joint venture between Neustar and the domain registrar Melbourne IT. In 2006, Neustar acquired 100% ownership in the NeuLevel joint venture. Neustar’s Registry is now operated solely under the Neustar name.

What service and products does the Neustar Registry offer?

Neustar is a leading provider registry and DNS services. We are the registry operator for .biz and .us. We provide registry gateway services for .cn and .tw, and the registry back-end for the .travel, .tel, and 4u.com. In addition, we provide primary or secondary DNS for over 20 other TLDs.

What is a registry?

An Internet domain name Registry is an entity that receives domain name system (DNS) information from domain name Registrars, inserts that information into a centralized database and publishes the information in Internet zone files on the Internet so that domain names can be found by users around the world via applications such as the World Wide Web and e-mail. In short, the Registry creates and maintains the database of domain names for a given top-level domain.

What is a registrar?

Registrars are the officially accredited retailers of domain names. The Neustar Registry does not offer domain registrations directly to the public. All registrations are done through accredited registrars who connect to the registry. A list of accredited registrars for the TLDs we offer may be found here.

What is a registrant?

A registrant is the official holder of a domain name. The registrant of record may be found by performing a Whois query on a domain name.

What is a Top Level Domain (TLD)?

A TLD is a name at the top of the DNS naming hierarchy. They appear in domain names as the string of letters following the last (rightmost) “.”. Examples of TLDs include .biz, .com, and .us.

What is the difference between a Registry and a Registrar?

A Registry provides direct services to Registrars only, not to the end users of a Registry’s services. An Internet domain name Registry is an entity that is responsible for delegating Internet addresses such as domain names, and keeping a centralized database of those addresses and the information associated with their delegation. A Registry is responsible for providing the DNS infrastructure to resolve domain names.

A Registrar provides direct services to domain name Registrants. Registrars process name registrations for Internet end users and then send the necessary DNS information to a Registry for entry into the centralized Registry database and ultimate distribution over the Internet. There are multiple Registrars providing registration services through the Neustar Registry.

Are Registry and Registrar functions always separated?

No. Historically on the Internet, Registry and Registrar functions were most often provided by the same organization. More recently, these functions for some of the Internet’s top-level domains have been split to allow for competition in the registration services business.

Who are the customers served by the Neustar Registry?

Neustar’s primary customers are the registrars who have signed contracts with Neustar to provide domain name registration services in the TLDs we offer.

What services does the Neustar Registry provide Registrars?

The Shared Registration System (SRS), developed by the Neustar Registry, gives Registrars the ability to add, modify and delete information associated with domain names, name servers, contacts, and Registrar profile information on a real-time basis. Registrars may administer domains, manage name servers, manage their Registrar information and generate reports. It is important to note that each Registrar may only effect information about domain names for which it is responsible. In addition, telephone and e-mail customer support is available for all Registrars associated with the Neustar Registry.

What services does the Neustar Registry provide for Internet end users?

The most important service that the Neustar Registry provides is the creation of the top-level domain (TLD) zone files, and the publication of those files to the Internet’s TLD servers. These files are the master “white pages” of the Internet, and enable a domain name to correlate to an Internet Protocol (IP) number.

The most visible Neustar Registry service that is available to Internet end users, besides general information provided on the Neustar Registry Services web site, is the Whois databse. This service is available to anyone. The available information includes the registrant, billing, technical and administrative contacts, name servers, and domain status.

How do I register a domain name?

Domain names may be registered through any registrar accredited in the TLD you are interesting in registering. Neustar does not offer domain registrations directly to the public. The list of registrars can be found here.

Where can a list of Accredited Registrars be found?

The list of accredited registrars can be found here.

What is WHOIS?

WHOIS provides information on individual domain registrations. The information provided may vary from TLD to TLD, but it typically includes the domain name, sponsoring registrar, key dates, name server information, and contact information.

What is an <AUTHINFO> code?

An <AUTHINFO> code is a six to 16-character “password” assigned by a sponsoring Registrar. This code is used in various situations to verify that the registrant has authority over the domain name. The most common use of the <AUTHINFO> code is to authorize the transfer of a domain from one registrar to another. No domain name transfer request can be successfully executed without this password. Registrars are contractually required to provide this code upon registrant request. Registrants are advised to protect their <AUTHINFO> codes to avoid unauthorized transfers of domain names.

How do I access the .BIZ zone file?

Neustar provides access to the .BIZ Zone file. Please complete and sign the .BIZ Zone Access agreement found here. We will review the application for eligibility and issue the necessary credentials for access to the .BIZ Zone File.

Neustar reserves the right to deny any application that is deemed ineligible for any reason, including but not restricted to a previous cancellation of credentials due to abuse.

Please contact Registry Customer Support with additional questions.

I have .BIZ Zone File access credentials where do I go to download the file?

If you have already registered and have a User ID and Password, simply click here to download the .BIZ Zone File

Registrar Information

What are the benefits of becoming a Neustar Registrar?

A Neustar Registrar has access to all the resources you need to prepare to sell the TLDs we offer, including documentation and toolkits, technical support, advance notice of upcoming products and marketing materials. These resources include co-marketing and joint PR opportunities and online account management.

How do I become a Registrar?

The process for becoming a Registrar varies from TLD to TLD, but in general an applicant will need to sign an agreement with the Registry and complete the following:

Registrar Information Package

Financial Qualification

Technical Certification

Business Requirements

For gTLDs administered by ICANN, applicants must first become accredited through ICANN. To get more information on becoming a Neustar Registrar, please contact the Neustar Registrar Relations Team at registrarsignup@Neustar.biz.

What is the Neustar Registrar Extranet?

The Neustar Registrar Extranet is Neustar’s premier web site for organizations that offer our TLDs and services. The web site provides Registrars with information on our products and services as well as events, marketing resources and certification program information.

IDN Information

What are IDNs, and what is their relationship to the .BIZ domain?

IDNs are domain names that are spelled using native language, non-ASCII characters that may not appear in the English alphabet. The .biz registry currently offers IDN registrations in 15 languages, for your convenience and use. More will be coming in the future.

How do IDNs work?

Typically, when a browser sees a host name, it sends a request to the DNS resolver service. The resolver service then sends a request to a domain name server to return an IP address corresponding to that host name. When the IP address is returned, a connection is made to the appropriate Web server.

In the case of IDNs, when a browser sees either (1) a non-ASCII character host/domain name in its location bar, or (2) a URL with a non-ASCII domain part embedded in a web page, the application is required to convert the non-ASCII characters into a special encoded format (Punycode) using only the standard ASCII subset characters. Punycode is the official IETF standard that has been approved for converting IDN domains into machine-readable and resolvable ASCII domains.

Punycode is required for IDN conversion because a restriction (that only a subset of ASCII characters be used in URL/URI at the network protocol level) is still enforced, even though IDNs have been introduced.

How do IDNs work in a browser?

When a compliant browser receives input for an IDN, it converts the native language IDN into Punycode. In other words, the native language IDN is converted into an ASCII string (prefixed with xn--) that can then be looked up at the TLD nameserver to determine the location of the website. The xn-- prefix was accepted as the IDNA standard by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on February 14, 2003.

Browsers which support this functionality include Netscape 7.1, Mozilla 1.4, Opera 7 and Firefox 1.0. It is anticipated that all later versions of these browsers will also support IDNs.

What is the registration process for IDNs in the .BIZ domain?

The registrant must first contact an ICANN-accredited registrar and submit the IDN request.

The name(s) to be registered in the IDN database must be converted into the alphanumeric representation based on the Punycode IDN standard. (The registrar performs the conversion of the IDN local language characters into the equivalent Punycode.)

The unique IDN is placed into the Neustar registry IDN database.

How does an end user access an IDN website?

In a compliant browser (e.g., Netscape 7.1, Mozilla 1.4, Opera 7, Firefox 1.0), simply type the IDN in the address bar or click an active link. The browser does the necessary conversions and the IDN resolves to the desired site.

Does the .BIZ IDN solution adhere to the approved ICANN guidelines?

Neustar’s IDN solution does meet the ICANN guidelines. Our implementation is a standards-compliant service that enhances the user experience and does not deviate from adopted standards.

Neustar’s IDN implementation is compliant with ICANN IDN guidelines and the approved IETF standards (RFCs 3490, 3491, and 3492). Other registries that launched IDNs prior to the adoption of these standards may or may not be compliant.

Where can I purchase IDNs for .BIZ?

Registrars that support various IDNs in the .BIZ domain can be found here.

Will the .BIZ Whois show only Punycode for each IDN?

Neustar’s web-based Whois and Port 43 Whois output will display both the registered Punycode name (Unicode HEX sequence representing the registered IDN) as well as an HTML-encoded display of the IDN name in its native language form.

BIZ Information

What is the .BIZ top-level domain?

.BIZ is the world’s first Internet-based environment dedicated exclusively to the business community. It is much more than just another domain name.

Where can I register a .BIZ domain?

.BIZ domains may be registered through accredited registrars. A list of accredited registrars may be found here.

Are Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) offered in .BIZ?

Yes, Neustar offers .BIZ IDN registrations in a number of languages. New languages are periodically made available. Click here for a list of the current languages offered.

Does the .BIZ IDN solution adhere to the approved ICANN guidelines?

Yes, Neustar’s .BIZ IDN solution is fully compliant with ICANN’s Guidelines for Implementation of IDNs Version 2.2.

Will the .BIZ Whois show only Punycode for each IDN?

The .BIZ web-based Whois and Port 43 Whois output will display both the registered Punycode name (Unicode HEX sequence representing the registered IDN) as well as an HTML-encoded display of the IDN name in its native language form.

Where can I register .BIZ IDNs?

.BIZ IDNs may be registered through participating accredited registrars. Not all registrars offer IDNs. A list of participating registrars may be found here .

How can I tell who is the registrant of a .BIZ domain?

The registrant of a .BIZ domain may be found by performing a Whois query on the domain. The official .BIZ Whois may be found here.

How can I get access to the .BIZ zone file?

To obtain access the .BIZ Zone file, you must complete, sign and return the Zone File Access Agreement to obtain FTP access credentials. This agreement should be faxed to 571-434-5758. If you have additional questions please email support@Neustar.biz.

How do I find a list of .Biz domains to be deleted from the Registry?

A list of upcoming domain deletions from the registry can be obtained from Report 2 for each TLD found here.

Are there restrictions on who can register .BIZ domain names?

Yes. The .BIZ domain can only be used for a “bona fide business or commercial use”. A bona fide business use is one of the following:

  1. To exchange goods, services, or property of any kind;
  2. In the ordinary course of trade or business; or
  3. To facilitate (i) the exchange of goods, services, information, or property of any kind; or, (ii) the ordinary course of trade or business.

Are there .BIZ reserved names?

Yes, certain domain names have been reserved by ICANN and/or Neustar. These domain names are not available for registration. The current list of reserved domains can be found here.

How are .BIZ domain name conflicts resolved?

In general, there are two dispute-resolution policies in effect for .BIZ:

Restrictions Dispute-Resolution Policy (RDRP);

Uniform Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP)

What is the Restrictions Dispute-Resolution Policy (RDRP)?

All domain name Registrants are bound by the Restrictions Dispute-Resolution Policy. This policy may be invoked by a third party in order to resolve a dispute with a Registrant over the registration or use of the Registrant’s domain name in violation of the .BIZ domain name registration restrictions. Such a violation would include complaints that the domain name is not being, or will not be, used primarily for a bona fide business or commercial purpose.

What is the Uniform Dispute-Resolution Policy (UDRP)?

The provisions of the Uniform Dispute-Resolution Policy bind all Registrants in the .BIZ top-level domain. According to ICANN, under the UDRP, most types of trademark-based domain name disputes must be resolved by agreement, court action, or arbitration before a Registrar will cancel, suspend, or transfer a domain name. Disputes that arise from abusive registrations of domain names (e.g., cyber squatting) can be addressed by expedited administrative proceedings that the trademark holder initiates by filing a complaint with an approved dispute-resolution service provider. To invoke the policy, a trademark owner should either (a) file a complaint in a court of proper jurisdiction against the domain name holder (or where appropriate an in-rem action concerning the domain name) or (b) in cases of abusive registration, submit a complaint to an approved dispute-resolution service provider.

How do I transfer a .BIZ domain name?

Domain name transfers fall in one of two categories:

Registrant Transfer or Name Change – Each Registrar has unique requirements for making changes to the registrant field of a domain name. Registrants must contact the sponsoring Registrar for information regarding Registrant Name Changes and/or Transfers. The sponsoring Registrar appears in line 3 of each domain name’s WHOIS record Registry Whois

Registrar-to-Registrar Transfer – ICANN rules require that a domain name be registered for a minimum of 60 days, and be in OK status with the current sponsoring Registrar before it can be transferred to another Registrar. If your domain name meets these requirements, contact your current sponsoring Registrar and request the <AUTHINFO> code. The <AUTHINFO> code is needed to initiate a transfer. To initiate transfer request contact the NEW registrar and follow their transfer procedures. They will require the <AUTHINFO> code and they may also require further authorization from the registrant or other domain contact. This is often done via email. Once the transfer request is submitted to the Registry, the domain will be place in pendingTransfer status. The domain may stay in pendingTransfer status for up to 5 days.

How can I modify my .BIZ domain information?

To modify name server, contact or registrant information, please contact your Registrar directly. As the Registry, Neustar cannot make modifications submitted by domain name registrants.

How do I modify my .BIZ domain name if my Registrar says they don’t have access to the name?

Contact your Registrar and ask a supervisor or manager to contact Neustar at support@Neustar.biz, with an explanation as to why they are not able to access your domain name record. The Registry Customer Support team will work with the registrar to ensure they have access to your domain name.

Why does my .BIZ domain name show a status of “Inactive” in the Neustar WHOIS database?

Domains that do not have at least two name servers are automatically placed in “inactive” status. An inactive status means that domain will not be published in the zone file and will not resolve on the Internet. Once the domain is updated to have at least two name servers, the domain will automatically be taken off inactive status.

Why is my .BIZ domain name in “clientTransferProhibited” status?

Some sponsoring registrars use the “clientTransferProhibited” status to protect their customers’ domains from potential unauthorized transfers. If you wish to transfer your domain to another registrar, you will need to contact your current registrar to remove this status before your new registrar can successfully transfer your domain.

Why is my .BIZ name in “pendingDelete” status? What do I need to do to restore it?

A domain name goes into “pendingDelete” status any time it is deleted after the first 5 days of registration. A domain that is deleted within the first 5 days of registration will be released immediately and made available again for registration. A domain name that is “pendingDelete” is also either “RESTORABLE” or “SCHEDULED FOR RELEASE”. The registrar of record can restore a “pendingDelete” domain within 30 days from the delete date. A “SCHEDULED FOR RELEASE” domain name is not restorable, and can only be re-registered after it deletes from the registry. To restore a “pendindDelete (RESTORABLE)” domain name, please contact the domain’s registrar of record for assistance.

What is the Redemption Grace Period?

The Redemption Grace Period (RGP) is a period of time after a domain is deleted in which it may be recovered (restored). Only domains deleted after the initial five days of registration may be restored. The RGP in .BIZ lasts for 30 days from the time of deletion. Following the RGP the domain will remain in pendingDelete status for an additional five days before being released. During this five day period, the domain may not be restored. To determine if a domain is restorable check the Neustar Whois. A domain that is restorable will show a status of “pendingDelete (Restorable).” To restore your domain contact your registrar.

How do I access the .BIZ zone file?

Neustar provides access to the .BIZ Zone file. Please complete and sign the .BIZ Zone Access agreement found here. We will review the application for eligibility and issue the necessary credentials for access to the .BIZ Zone File.

Neustar reserves the right to deny any application that is deemed ineligible for any reason, including but not restricted to a previous cancellation of credentials due to abuse.

Please contact Registry Customer Support {support@Neustar.biz} with additional questions.

I have .BIZ Zone File access credentials where do I go to download the file?

If you have already registered and have a User ID and Password, simply click here to download the .BIZ Zone File

US Information

What is the .US top-level domain?

.US is “America’s Internet Address.” It is the official country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States within the global domain name system (DNS).

What is Kids.us?

On December 4, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law the Dot Kids Implementation and Efficiency Act of 2002. This Act requires that Neustar, “as the administrator of the .US country code top-level domain (ccTLD), establish a kids.us domain to serve as a haven for material that promotes positive experiences for children and families using the Internet, provides a safe online environment for children, and helps to prevent children from being exposed to harmful material on the Internet.” Neustar currently maintains and operates the second-level kids.us domain as a safe place on the Internet for children aged 13 or younger. For more information on kids.us domain names, please visit www.kids.us

Where can I register a .US domain?

.US domains may be registered through any accredited registrar. A list of .US accredited registrar may be found here.

Are there restrictions on .US domain names?

Yes. Registration of .US domains is limited to individuals or organizations who meet the .US Nexus policy. Any U.S. citizen or resident, as well as any business or organization, including federal, state, and local government with a bona fide presence in the United States can register a .US domain name.

One of the following eligibility requirements must be met:
a) A natural person (i) who is a citizen or permanent resident of the United States of America or any of its possessions or territories or (ii) whose primary place of domicile is in the United States of America or any of its possessions, or

b) Any entity or organization that is incorporated within one of the fifty (50) U.S. states, the District of Columbia, or any of the United States possessions or territories or (ii) organized or otherwise constituted under the laws of a state of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, or any of its possessions or territories, or

c) An entity or organization (including federal, state, or local government of the United States, or a political subdivision thereof) that has a bona fide presence in the United States. See Section B.3.1 of the Neustar proposal to the Department of Commerce for details concerning what constitutes a “bona fide presence.”

How can I get access to the .US zone file?

To obtain access the .US Zone file, you must complete, sign and return the Zone File Access Agreement to obtain FTP access credentials. This agreement should be faxed to 571-434-5758. If you have additional questions please email support@Neustar.biz.

Are Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) offered in .US?

.US does not currently offer IDN registrations. However, we suggest you periodically check the official .US website for updates.

Where can I find more information about .US?

Additional information about .US, including information on kid.us, policies and FAQs can be found on the official .US website.

How do I find a list of .US domains to be deleted from the Registry?

A list of upcoming domain deletions from the registry can be obtained from Report 2 for each TLD found here.

What is DNSSEC?

DNSSEC stands for Domain Name System (DNS) Security Extensions, which enable DNS clients (resolvers) to (1) validate origin authentication of DNS data; (2) confirm data integrity; and (3) authenticate denial of existence.

What problem does DNSSEC solve?

When implemented end-to-end, DNSSEC protects end users from exposure to DNS cache poisoning. Cache poisoning is a corruption of the DNS that enables the spread of viruses, worms, and other malicious files/content. Cache poisoning occurs when data is provided to a caching name server that did not originate from an authoritative Domain Name System (DNS) source. Once a DNS server receives non-authentic data and caches it for future use, it will then supply that non-authentic data to its client servers. The impact of cache poisoning on end users is that they may be directed to IP addresses they did not intend to reach, and may not be aware of the associated risks.

What problem does DNSSEC NOT solve?

DNSSEC does not solve Denial of Service (DoS) or Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks on any system. DNSSEC does not prevent incorrect data entry into a zone (if the IP address is entered wrong, it will not be corrected). DNSSEC’s improvement to other applications is limited to ensuring that applications get correct/authenticated information and nothing more. Phishing attacks are still possible through carefully crafted email and spam delivery, sensitive information such as credit card numbers on a web server are encrypted via secure socket layers (SSL), and not through DNSSEC.

How does DNSSEC work?

DNSSEC uses cryptographic electronic signatures (referred to as public and private keys) to determine the authenticity of data. DNS clients that are DNSSEC-enabled will validate any DNS response received by automatically checking the authenticity of the cryptographic signatures. If the key is missing or not recognized, the response is not validated and the DNS will not pass the false information on to the user.

What’s the process for implementing DNSSEC?

At this time, Neustar has fully deployed DNSSEC for both the .BIZ and the .US TLDs, and is accepting submissions, known as DS records, in both zones. Our .US and .BIZ-accredited registrars will be able to register DNSSEC information on their customers’ behalf in the Neustar registry.

Does DNSSEC at the TLD registry-level impact the signing of the root zone, and vice-versa?

Neustar’s signing of the .US and .BIZ TLD zones did not impact or interfere with the signing of the root zone. The signing of the root zone on July 15, 2010 represented a seamless transition that did not require incremental development work by registries, registrars, or registrants.

When will DNSSEC be available to .US and .BIZ registrars?

Neustar first offered DNSSEC to.US registrants through accredited registrars effective June 7th 2010, and .BIZ as of August 1, 2010. Please contact Neustar Registrar Support at support@Neustar.biz for more information.

Is there a requirement that registrars implement DNSSEC?

.US and .BIZ-accredited registrars are not required to implement DNSSEC at this time. Support for DNSSEC is optional but recommended to help secure and prevent cache poisoning in the .US and .BIZ domains.

When will DNSSEC be available to registrants for their domain names?

.US and .BIZ registrants should contact their registrar of record to determine if and when the registrar will support DNSSEC.

How is a DNSSEC query formed?

A DNSSEC query is formed by a DNS resolver. Recent versions of BIND have already been forming DNSSEC queries but have not been reacting to the resulting DNSSEC responses. In order to react to the DNSSEC responses in a way that makes use of DNSSEC, resolvers need to be configured with the root’s DNSSEC public key.

How does a registrant sign a zone?

If the registrant is using a DNS managed service provider, they should contact the provider for instructions to turn on DNSSEC. If the registrant is operating their own DNS set up, there are a number of steps to perform. First, make sure the tools in use are capable of DNSSEC. This may mean upgrading the DNS software. Second, after preparing and documenting a plan, create cryptographic key pairs and enter them in the zone. Third, run a DNSSEC zone signer (dependent on the tools in use) to generate the first signed zone. The process of signing will have to be repeated as the signatures will have a limited lifetime. The final step is to publish the zone. The managed service provider should be able to provide guidance along the way.

Where can more information be found?

A general collection of information on DNSSEC can be found above.

CN Gateway Information

What is the .CN Gateway?

The .CN Gateway is an EPP registration system provided to registrars located outside of China. It provides registrars with the ability to connect to the Registry and submit EPP transactions. Support, billing, and reporting are provided by Neustar.

Who runs the .CN Registry?

CNNIC is the official administrator of the .CN Registry.

Who is China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC)?

China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) is the state network information center of China, which was founded as a non-profit organization in June, 1997.

CNNIC takes direction from the Ministry of Information Industry (MII) to conduct daily business, while it is administratively operated by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The Computer Network Information Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences takes the responsibility of running and administrating CNNIC. The CNNIC Steering Committee is a working group composed of well-known experts and commercial representatives in the domestic Internet community which supervises and evaluates the structure, operation and administration of CNNIC.

What is the relationship between Neustar and CNNIC?

CNNIC has partnered with Neustar to provide Registry gateway services for the .CN domain. CNNIC is the administrator of the domain, setting policy and service levels, running the .CN TLD Whois and generating the .CN TLD zone file.

Why should I register a .CN domain?

.CN offers registrants the protection of a well-established brand name in what has become one of the most lucrative marketplaces in the world. In addition, .CN can put Chinese customers at ease, giving them the security of dealing with businesses that have a substantial, “localized” Chinese presence as well as an international one. Finally, .CN enjoys widespread notoriety and recognition among the Chinese population, and is a simple and memorable Web domain.

Does Neustar sell .CN names retail?

No. Neustar only offers .CN domain names through .CN accredited Registrars who are located outside of China.

Are second-level .CN TLD registrations offered in addition to third-level registrations?

Yes. .CN domains may be registered at the second level, in addition to various third level options.

What are the third-level registration options?

There are many third-level registration options available. The most common third-level options are com.cn, net.cn, and org.cn. In addition, the following options are offered:

ah.cn bj.cn cq.cn
fj.cn gd.cn gs.cn
gx.cn gz.cn ha.cn
hb.cn he.cn hi.cn
hk.cn hl.cn hn.cn
jl.cn js.cn jx.cn
ln.cn mo.cn nm.cn
nx.cn qh.cn sc.cn
sd.cn sh.cn sn.cn
sx.cn tj.cn tw.cn
xj.cn xz.cn yn.cn
zj.cn    

For additional information, contact your registrar.

Are IDNs offered in .CN?

Yes. Chinese language IDNs are available at the second level, under .CN. Domains may be registered in either Simplified or Traditional Chinese, or a mixture of both. Variants of the registered domain will automatically be blocked. For additional, information contact your registrar.

Where can I find the .CN Whois?

The official .CN Whois, operated by CNNIC, may be found here.

In order to acquire a .CN name, does a company or an organization need a subsidiary in China?

No. A company or an organization does not need to have a subsidiary in China.

Can an individual register a .CN domain?

.CN registrations are intended for business and organizations.

What options do trademark owners have to protect their IP rights in .CN?

Users may elect to utilize the Chinese Dispute Resolution Process to resolve disputes through CNNIC-designated arbitration providers. This process is very similar to the UDRP arbitration process. Of course, as is the case in all TLD disputes, users may also elect to pursue resolution in the courts.

How do I transfer a .CN domain name?

.CN domains may be transferred from one registrar to another, regardless of whether the registrars are domestic or international. To initiate a transfer, contact the gaining registrar (the registrar you wish to transfer to) and follow their transfer procedures.

How can I modify my .CN domain information?

Modifications to your .CN domain may be done through your registrar. Contact your registrar for assistance.

How do I modify my .CN domain name if my Registrar says they don’t have access to the name?

Contact your Registrar and ask a supervisor or manager to contact Neustar at support@Neustar.biz, with an explanation as to why they are not able to access your domain name record. The Registry Customer Support team will work with the registrar to ensure they have access to your domain name.

Why does my .CN domain name show a status of “Inactive” in the CNNIC database?

Domains that do not have at least two name servers are automatically placed in “inactive” status. An inactive status means that domain will not be published in the zone file and will not resolve on the Internet. Once the domain is updated to have at least two name servers, the domain will automatically be taken off inactive status.

Why is my .CN domain name in “clientTransferProhibited” status?

Some sponsoring registrars use the “clientTransferProhibited” status to protect their customers’ domains from potential unauthorized transfers. If you wish to transfer your domain to another registrar, you will need to contact your current registrar to remove this status before your new registrar can successfully transfer your domain.

Why is my .CN name in “pendingDelete” status? What do I need to do to restore it?

Domains that are deleted during that auto-renew grace period are automatically placed in pendingDelete status for 15 days.

Does .CN have a Redemption Grace Period?

Yes. Contact your registrar for additional information and procedures for restoring a domain.

TW Gateway Information

What is the .TW Gateway?

The .TW Gateway is an EPP registration system provided to registrars located outside of Taiwan. It provides registrars with the ability to connect to the Registry and submit EPP transactions. Support, billing, and reporting are provided by Neustar.

Who runs the .TW Registry?

The .TW Registry is operated by the TWNIC (Taiwan Network Information Center).

Who is the TWNIC?

The TWNIC (Taiwan Network Information Center) is the unique neutral and non-profit organization that takes charge of the domain name registration and IP address allocation in Taiwan. Besides offering full range network services, the TWNIC participates in various related international conferences, in hopes to provide the best services for network service providers in Taiwan through pubilc participation and constant improvements, which are the biggest goal of the TWNIC.

Does Neustar sell .TW domains retail?

Neustar does not sell domains retail. TW domain names are offered through .TW-accredited Registrars.

Why should I register a .TW domain?

As the next frontier of global e-business, .TW presents companies everywhere with an unprecedented opportunity to make inroads into the Taiwan marketplace. Now is an ideal time for companies to protect their brand identities in .TW.

Are IDNs offered in .TW?

Yes. Chinese language IDNs are available at the second level, under .TW. Domains may be registered in Traditional Chinese only. Variants of the registered domain will automatically be blocked. For additional, information contact your registrar.

Where can I find the .TW Whois?

The official .TW Whois, operated by TWNIC, may be found here.

Can an individual register a .TW name?

Although .TW policy is permissive in terms of registration, and enforcement is generally in reaction to a complaint (as opposed to proactive review), registrations that are not associated with an organization or business may be subject to deletion. This does not in any way prevent an individual from registering a .TW domain name for a business operating as a sole proprietorship.

Does a company or organization need a subsidiary in Taiwan in order to acquire a .TW name?

No, a local presence is not required.

Are second-level registrations (.TW) being offered in addition to third-level registrations?

Yes. Domains may be registered at the second level or third level

What are the third-level registration options?

Third-level domains may be registered under com.tw, org.tw, idv.tw, club.tw, game.tw, and ebiz.tw.

What are the rules governing intellectual property (IP) disputes in the .TW domain?

TWNIC has posted a policy regarding IP disputes on its website. The policy is very similar to the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) common in other Web domains. Visit http://www.twnic.net.tw/english/dn/dn_04.htm to learn more.

How do I transfer a .TW domain name?

.TW domains may be transferred from one registrar to another, regardless of whether the registrars are domestic or international. To initiate a transfer, contact the gaining registrar (the registrar you wish to transfer to) and follow their transfer procedures.

How can I modify my .TW domain information?

Modifications to your .TW domain may be done through your registrar. Contact your registrar for assistance.

How do I modify my .TW domain name if my Registrar says they don’t have access to the name?

Contact your Registrar and ask a supervisor or manager to contact Neustar at support@Neustar.biz, with an explanation as to why they are not able to access your domain name record. The Registry Customer Support team will work with the registrar to ensure they have access to your domain name.

Why does my .TW domain name show a status of “Inactive” in the TWNIC database?

Domains that do not have at least two name servers are automatically placed in “inactive” status. An inactive status means that domain will not be published in the zone file and will not resolve on the Internet. Once the domain is updated to have at least two name servers, the domain will automatically be taken off inactive status.

Why is my .TW domain name in “clientTransferProhibited” status?

Some sponsoring registrars use the “clientTransferProhibited” status to protect their customers’ domains from potential unauthorized transfers. If you wish to transfer your domain to another registrar, you will need to contact your current registrar to remove this status before your new registrar can successfully transfer your domain.

Why is my .TW name in “pendingDelete” status? How do restore it?

Your Domain name has expired. When this happens, TWNIC will put the name in the pendingDelete status for 33 days, after which time, the name will be deleted. During that 33 day period of time the name can be renewed which adds a year to the original expiration date and removes pending delete. The registrant should contact their registrar to update the domain name registration.

Does .TW have a Redemption Grace Period?

The .TW TLD does not have a Redemption Grace Period process.